The city of the future - science fiction or reality?
In recent years, we have been witnessing a dynamically increasing population in cities. It is estimated that in 2030, approximately 60% of the population will live in urban areas. This means that over five billion people will take the vast majority of their life activities. As well as personal, professional and social - in urban space.
Such dynamic urban development brings numerous opportunities. In addition, it also confronts society with the need to open up to completely new technological possibilities. This is not about the currently used solutions in the areas of public transport management, security, e-administration or media management. Without the use of completely new technologies, it would not be possible to ensure a good quality of life for all residents.
What are the problems of transforming 'cities of the future'?
One area that is undergoing technological transformation is the so-called last-mile transport. This is the transport of products ordered (e.g. in the online store) to the end customer. On the one hand, customer expectations relating to the time of transport, place and time of receipt of the package and the state in which it reaches the user. On the other hand, we are dealing with the entire logistics process. This process is related to collecting and compiling orders from a given area. In addition, there are obvious transport costs. Starting from fuel costs, staff costs and costs related to the operation and maintenance of the means of transport.
From an economic point of view, these are difficult to reconcile issues. In addition, there are other factors indicating that the situation will get worse. Just look at the forecasts for increasing the population in cities, reducing the average speed of traffic on the roads due to heavy car traffic.
How will transport change?
It is not surprising that the concept of a city of the future using its third dimension to provide services improving the quality of life for its residents is becoming an attractive idea. Suffice it to mention that companies such as Google X, UPS, DHL, and Amazon are working on the issue of using city airspace to provide transport services. I will be possible thanks to using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (BSP). The giants undoubtedly see this as an opportunity for economic and fast transport of goods to the end customer. And hence? Profit.
Is Poland keeping up with trends?
Also in Poland, work is underway to create a parcel transport system by air. Have you heard about The AirVein project? AirVein is implemented by a consortium of Pentacomp Systemy Informatyczne and Cervi Robotics? It assumes in its first phase the creation of a system for transporting urgent medical shipments. How? By air using unmanned aerial vehicles.
The idea of the AirVein system is to minimize the participation of people in the process of preparation and implementation of a transport flight. It is possible thanks to entrusting the vast majority of tasks to individual elements of the system. These include 3 main areas. Firstly, an automatic hangar responsible for preparing UAVs for the flight, dedicated to transporting drones. Secondly, an advanced IT system responsible for managing the fleet. Last, but not least - UAVs flights. The use of the AirVein system will significantly shorten the time of transporting blood, medicines or test samples. In just a few months the first tests of the whole system will take place.
In cities of the future, the third dimension, U-space (Urban Space), will become a natural place to provide various types of services. It will not only be the transport of parcels or people. It will be also a place for delivering services related to security, monitoring of the state of the environment. And many others that we cannot currently imagine.
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